The education plan envisioned and implemented by Maria Montessori was based on her observation of children in diverse cultures and the required response to their needs. This led her to the conclusion that children have basic behavioral tendencies of exploration, imagination, order, repetition, manipulation, precision and communication.
Science is all around us and is an integral element of Montessori curriculum. It represents a way of life - a clear thinking approach to gathering information and problem solving. Children are natural observers and interact with the natural world everywhere they go - investigating what flowers smell like, how a leaf feels, or what happens when you pull the cat’s tail. They are fascinated by the phenomenon found in the natural world. Maria Montessori recognized the young child’s need to observe and absorb information about the world around them. She believed that experience with real objects should always proceed learning the names or looking at pictures of things. The Montessori approach to science is designed to cultivate the child's curiosity and fascination with the universe and to help them discover more about the world in which we live, to develop a lifelong interest in observing nature and to discover the truth for themselves.